Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving


Traffic Circle

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Traffic circles (or Roundabouts) are confusing for many, however there are a few basic rules to bear in mind, which should make negotiating a lot easier:

  • Those inside the circle have right of way.

  • Those entering the circle need to give way.

  • If you cannot exit, then rather go around the circle and exit when you can.

  • Use your indicators (turning signal) to show your intentions.

This section has been divided into the following sub-sections:

☠️ Alert:

? Questions:

🛈 Info:

Dangers Intersection Traffic Circle

Direction of traffic circle

If in your country you drive on the right side of the road, then go round the traffic circle anti-clockwise. If you drive on the left side of the road, then clockwise.

Entering a traffic circle

When entering a traffic circle you should give way to those already inside the traffic circle.

Lane of traffic circle

Multi-lane traffic circles can be confusing, and even more so in the absence of road markings. Here are a few rules to follow:

  • Adhere to any road markings.

  • In the case of no road markings, once the path is clear, follow these two basic rules:

  •       Exiting the traffic circle - get into the outside lane well                before the exit.

  •       Going around the traffic circle – get into the inside lane              well before any exit.

Exiting a traffic circle

Exiting a traffic circle is more complicated than entering the circle, especially if it is a multi-lane traffic circle.

There are two main rules to keep in mind:

  • It is best to exit when you are in the outer lane.

  • If it seems too risky to exit then rather go around and exit when it is safer.

Speed at traffic circle

Where a traffic circle is located at the end of a long straight road, there is always the risk of a high-speed entrance.

☠️ Dangers associated with traffic circles?

While traffic circles, or roundabouts, offer several safety advantages, there are some potential dangers associated with them. It's important to be aware of these risks and take precautions when navigating through traffic circles. Here are a few potential dangers:

  • Lack of driver familiarity: Drivers who are not familiar with traffic circles may find them confusing or intimidating. Inexperienced drivers may struggle to navigate the circle correctly, choose the appropriate lane, yield to traffic, or signal their intentions properly. This can lead to erratic behavior, unexpected lane changes, and potential collisions.

  • Incorrect lane usage: Traffic circles often have multiple entry and exit lanes. Drivers who enter the roundabout from the wrong lane or fail to switch lanes properly can cause confusion and increase the risk of side-swipe accidents. It's essential to approach the roundabout in the correct lane and change lanes only when it is safe and necessary.

  • Speeding: Some drivers may not adjust their speed appropriately when approaching a traffic circle, leading to unsafe conditions. Speeding can make it difficult to merge safely into the circle and increase the severity of any resulting accidents. It's important to adhere to the posted speed limits and adjust speed accordingly while navigating the roundabout.

  • Pedestrian safety concerns: While traffic circles typically include designated crosswalks and pedestrian islands, there can still be challenges for pedestrians navigating through them. Pedestrians may face difficulties judging the speed and behavior of approaching vehicles or encounter drivers who fail to yield properly. Pedestrians must exercise caution and ensure that vehicles have come to a complete stop before crossing.

  • Large vehicle challenges: Larger vehicles, such as trucks or buses, may face challenges maneuvering through traffic circles due to their size and turning radius. They may need to take wider turns, potentially encroaching on adjacent lanes. This can lead to conflicts with other vehicles and pedestrians if not handled carefully.

To mitigate these dangers, it is crucial to follow the rules and regulations specific to the traffic circle you are approaching, yield to vehicles already in the circle, use proper signaling, and maintain an appropriate speed. Driver education, awareness, and adherence to traffic laws can help ensure the safe navigation of traffic circles.

? Why are traffic circles safer than intersections?

Traffic circles, also known as roundabouts, are often considered safer than traditional intersections for several reasons:

  • Reduced conflict points: Traffic circles eliminate the need for left turns across opposing traffic, which are a common source of collisions at intersections. Instead, vehicles in a traffic circle make right turns, resulting in fewer conflict points and reducing the risk of side-impact or T-bone collisions.

  • Lower speeds: Traffic circles typically have lower speed limits compared to major intersections. The curved design of the roundabout encourages drivers to slow down while navigating the circle, promoting safer driving speeds and reducing the severity of accidents.

  • Continuous traffic flow: Roundabouts promote a continuous flow of traffic. Vehicles enter the circle after yielding to those already inside, and the absence of traffic signal delays or stop signs allows for smoother traffic movement. This continuous flow reduces the likelihood of rear-end collisions that can occur when vehicles abruptly stop and start at traditional intersections.

  • Reduced severity of accidents: When accidents do occur in traffic circles, they tend to be less severe. The lower speeds and angled entry points in roundabouts typically result in lower impact forces compared to high-speed, head-on or high-speed side-impact collisions that can occur at intersections.

  • Pedestrian safety: Traffic circles often include dedicated crosswalks and pedestrian islands that provide safer opportunities for pedestrians to navigate through the intersection. Pedestrians only have to contend with traffic from one direction at a time, making it easier to cross the road safely.

While traffic circles offer safety benefits, it is important for drivers to understand and follow the specific rules of each roundabout, yield appropriately, and exercise caution while entering and exiting. Proper signage, lane markings, and driver education are key to maximizing the safety advantages of traffic circles.

Who has the right of way at a traffic circle?

In a traffic circle, the general rule is that vehicles already inside the circle have the right of way over those entering the circle. Here are some key points regarding the right of way at a traffic circle:

  • Yield to vehicles in the circle: When approaching a traffic circle, drivers must yield to any vehicles already in the circle. This means you need to wait for a safe gap in the circulating traffic before entering the roundabout.

  • Use the appropriate lane: Traffic circles often have multiple lanes. When approaching, choose the appropriate lane based on your intended exit. Typically, the right lane is used for right turns and the left or inner lane for continuing straight or making left turns.

  • Yield to pedestrians: Pedestrians crossing at designated crosswalks or pedestrian islands within the traffic circle always have the right of way. Drivers must yield to pedestrians and allow them to safely cross the road.

  • Signal your intentions: Before exiting a traffic circle, use your turn signals to indicate your intention to exit. This helps other drivers understand your actions and allows them to adjust their approach accordingly.

Remember, traffic circle designs and rules may vary depending on the specific location and country. It's important to familiarize yourself with the specific regulations and signage governing traffic circles in the area where you are driving.

🛈 Traffic Circle vs Roundabout

"Traffic Circle" and "Roundabout" are terms that are sometimes used interchangeably, but they can refer to slightly different types of circular intersections. The distinction between the two is more prevalent in different regions, and the terms might be used differently depending on the country or locality. However, here are some general characteristics associated with each term:

Traffic Circle:

  • Historical Design: The term "traffic circle" is sometimes associated with older, larger circular intersections that may have been in use before modern roundabout designs became popular.

  • Merging Traffic: In some regions, a traffic circle might involve more merging of traffic, where entering vehicles might need to negotiate with circulating traffic to find a suitable gap.

  • Potentially Larger Size: Traffic circles might be larger than modern roundabouts and may lack some of the traffic-calming features commonly found in newer designs.

  • Differences in Design Elements: The design elements and rules for traffic circles can vary, and in some cases, the term might be used interchangeably with "roundabout."


  • Modern Design: In many parts of the world, a "roundabout" typically refers to a modern, smaller circular intersection designed for efficient traffic flow.

  • Yield Entry: Vehicles entering a roundabout usually yield to the circulating traffic. Once a gap in traffic is available, they can merge into the circle.

  • Traffic Calming: Roundabouts often incorporate features like raised islands, landscaping, and pedestrian crosswalks to slow down traffic and improve safety.

  • Single-Lane or Multi-Lane: Roundabouts can be single-lane or multi-lane, depending on the traffic volume they are designed to handle.

It's important to note that terminology and design standards can vary between countries and even within regions. In some places, the terms "roundabout" and "traffic circle" may be used interchangeably without a clear distinction in meaning. Always follow local traffic rules and signage when navigating circular intersections, regardless of the terminology used in a particular region.

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Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving