Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving



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Aside from the risks outlined in this course, as they pertain to cars, this section looks at a few additional factors:

? Questions:

Dangers Vehicles Cars

Hood of car

Whenever the hood or bonnet is opened, always make sure it is closed properly, otherwise if opened during travel, aside from the damage to the vehicle, will block your view which could be even more disastrous.

Load of car

Be aware of any load being transported by a car that may not be properly secured or extending way beyond the boundaries of the vehicle.

Towing car

There are specific “rules” to be aware of when towing another vehicle, either for the one doing the towing or the one being towed.

Wheels of car

Kick Up

Be aware that at any time a car's tires can kick up any loose object on a road, especially if it veers off to the side of a road.


It also happens from time-to-time that a car’s wheel will work its way loose from the vehicle and run freely.

? Where do car accidents happen most?

Car accidents can occur in various locations, but certain areas and scenarios tend to have a higher frequency of accidents. Here are some common locations where car accidents often happen:

  • Intersections: Intersections, especially those with heavy traffic, are common sites for car accidents. Collisions can occur due to factors such as running red lights or stop signs, failing to yield right of way, making improper turns, or distracted driving.

  • Highways and Freeways: Due to the higher speeds involved, accidents on highways and freeways can be particularly severe. Factors such as tailgating, unsafe lane changes, speeding, and drowsy or impaired driving can contribute to accidents on these roads.

  • Urban Areas: The higher density of traffic, frequent stops and starts, and interactions with pedestrians and cyclists in urban areas can increase the likelihood of car accidents. Congested city streets, parking lots, and crowded intersections are common locations for accidents in urban settings.

  • Rural Roads: Accidents can also occur on rural roads, often due to factors like speeding, inadequate signage, poor visibility, and the presence of wildlife. Single-vehicle accidents, such as running off the road or hitting a fixed object, are more common in rural areas.

  • Parking Lots: Low-speed collisions, often occurring during parking or maneuvering in parking lots, can lead to vehicle damage and minor injuries. Drivers backing out of parking spaces or failing to see other vehicles or pedestrians are common causes.

  • Residential Areas: Accidents can occur in residential areas due to factors like speeding, failure to yield to pedestrians or school zones, distracted driving, and inadequate visibility caused by parked vehicles or obstructions.

It's important to note that accidents can happen anywhere, and the specific circumstances of each accident can vary. It's crucial for drivers to prioritize safe driving practices, such as following traffic laws, maintaining proper speed and distance, avoiding distractions, and being aware of their surroundings in all driving environments.

? How much safer are cars today?

Cars today are significantly safer compared to earlier models, thanks to advancements in technology and safety features. Here are some key factors that have contributed to the improved safety of cars:

  • Structural Design: Modern vehicles are built with advanced materials and structural designs that provide better protection in the event of a crash. Crumple zones, reinforced cabins, and impact-absorbing structures help to dissipate crash forces and minimize the risk of severe injuries.

  • Safety Features: Cars today are equipped with a wide range of safety features designed to prevent accidents and protect occupants. These include advanced braking systems (such as anti-lock braking systems), stability control systems, lane departure warning and prevention, forward collision warning, automatic emergency braking, blind-spot monitoring, and rearview cameras. These features help drivers avoid collisions and mitigate the severity of accidents.

  • Airbags and Restraint Systems: Airbags have become standard safety features in modern cars. They are designed to deploy in the event of a crash to cushion and protect occupants. Seat belts have also improved over the years, with features like pretensioners and force limiters that enhance their effectiveness in restraining occupants during a collision.

  • Crash Test Standards: Government agencies and independent organizations conduct rigorous crash tests to evaluate the safety performance of vehicles. These tests, such as those conducted by the NHTSA and Euro NCAP, have raised the bar for vehicle safety standards. Manufacturers strive to meet or exceed these standards, resulting in safer cars on the market.

  • Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS): ADAS technologies, including adaptive cruise control, lane-keeping assist, automatic emergency braking, and pedestrian detection systems, are increasingly being integrated into modern vehicles. These systems provide additional assistance to drivers and help prevent accidents by detecting potential dangers and alerting or intervening when necessary.

The combination of these factors has contributed to a significant improvement in vehicle safety over the years. However, it's important to note that safety is a holistic concept, and no vehicle or safety feature can eliminate all risks. Responsible driving practices, such as avoiding distractions, following traffic laws, and maintaining focus on the road, remain essential for maximizing safety on the streets.

? What cars are the most dangerous?

When discussing the safety of cars, it's important to note that no car is inherently "dangerous" in itself. However, certain factors can contribute to increased risks or higher likelihood of accidents. These factors include:

  • Older or Outdated Models: Older cars may lack modern safety features that are now standard in newer vehicles. They might have less advanced structural designs and may not meet the latest safety standards. However, it's worth mentioning that older cars can still be safe if well-maintained and driven responsibly.

  • Small Cars: Generally, smaller cars tend to have less mass and structural protection compared to larger vehicles, which can increase the risk of severe injuries in collisions with larger vehicles. However, advancements in vehicle design and safety technology have improved the safety of small cars over the years.

  • Sports Cars and High-Performance Vehicles: Sports cars and high-performance vehicles are designed for speed and agility, but they may prioritize performance over safety features. These types of cars often have powerful engines, which can tempt drivers to drive at high speeds, increasing the risk of accidents. It's important for drivers of such vehicles to exercise caution and adhere to speed limits.

  • Lack of Safety Features: Cars that lack advanced safety features, such as anti-lock braking systems (ABS), electronic stability control (ESC), airbags, and modern driver assistance systems, may have a higher risk profile. Safety features like these have become more common in newer vehicles, but their availability can vary depending on the model and trim level.

  • Non-Compliance with Safety Standards: Vehicles that fail to meet safety standards or have substandard build quality can pose increased risks. This can include cars that are produced by manufacturers with a poor safety track record or vehicles that do not adhere to safety regulations in certain regions.

It's important to remember that vehicle safety is a combination of factors, including the vehicle itself, the behavior of the driver, road conditions, and adherence to traffic laws. When considering a car, it is advisable to research its safety ratings, crash test results, and available safety features to make an informed decision.

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Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving