Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving


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Here we examine how we can create an escape route, or buffer zone, directly in front of you. Note the points below:


  • Two Second Rule is the minimum following distance.

  • Longer if momentum is greater such as carrying a heavy load.

  • Not too much of a gap, otherwise others may constantly fill the gap. If a gap is filled, then slowly let the gap increase again, all the while keeping an eye on the vehicle ahead until you have a safe buffer zone.

  • The closer the gap, the more focused, and less distracted your concentration needs to be.

  • The worse the road surface, the longer the gap.

  • The more restricted the view ahead, the longer the gap should be.

  • If lane is congested, the bigger the gap should be because of the danger of a multiple car pile-up

  • Where there is the danger from the rear, such as a driver on their cellphone, then try to control the space in front of you to be able to keep a minimum distance from the vehicle behind.


  • Whenever you stop behind another vehicle, always leave enough of a gap in front that will allow you to escape to the side if necessary.

  • As a rule of thumb, you should be able to see the bottom of the rear tires of the vehicle ahead above the hood of your vehicle.

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Defensive Escape Routes Front
Street Survival - Advanced Defensive Driving